Different Types of Heart Diseases and Their Symptoms
By Virginia Y. Gonzalez
May 07, 2020
Category: Heart Conditions
Tags: Heart Diseases  

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US. Know the warning signs.

Heart disease refers to a variety of health conditions, either congenital or acquired, that affect the circulatory system, blood vessels, and heart. Heart disease is incredibly common, causing 1 out of every 4 deaths in the US. If you suspect that you might have heart disease it is important that you visit our West Monroe, LA, cardiologist Dr. Virginia Gonzalez as soon as possible for an evaluation.

Here’s how to spot the telltale symptoms and signs of the most common types of heart disease,

An Arrhythmia

An arrhythmia is simply an irregular heartbeat. Some of the most common arrhythmias include,

  • Tachycardia: when the heart beats too fast (over 100 beats per minute)
  • Bradycardia: when the heart beats too slowly (under 60 beats per minute)
  • Premature ventricular contractions: an irregular heartbeat that often feels like your heart skipped a beat
  • Fibrillation: an irregular and sometimes rapid heart rate

This is a common condition, and most people will experience an irregular heartbeat at some point, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that they have an arrhythmia; however, If you do experience a fluttering or erratic heart rate rather regularly it’s important to see your West Monroe, LA, heart doctor to rule out heart disease.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when cholesterol and plaque accumulate within the coronary arteries, leading to narrowing and blockages. This condition is also known as atherosclerosis, which causes inflammation and damage to the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. This is the most common type of heart disease, and it affects both men and women. Common symptoms of CAD include,

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Chest pressure or discomfort
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn

If you notice chest pressure, pain, or discomfort it’s important that you see your cardiologist right away. Do not ignore these symptoms. CAD requires immediate treatment and can lead to a heart attack if left untreated.

Heart Attack

Also known as a myocardial infarction, a heart attack occurs when there is a blockage to one or more of the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. A heart attack damages to cardiac muscles and the most common symptoms of a heart attack include,

  • Chest pain
  • Pain that radiates from your chest down your shoulders, arms or back
  • Stomach pain that often feels like heartburn or indigestion
  • Heart fluttering or palpitations
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Anxiety
  • Cold sweats
  • Dizziness

If you are experiencing symptoms of a heart attack, please call 911 or have someone immediately drive you to the nearest ER.

If you are dealing with heart problems or chronic heart disease it’s important to know that Cardiovascular Diagnostic Center in West Monroe, LA, is still providing ongoing treatment and care to those who need it. Please call us at (318) 338-3540 if you are dealing with any new or worsening symptoms.