According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading cause of death for both women and men, and individuals of most ethnic groups and races in the U.S. is heart disease. In fact, approximately 647,000 people in the U.S. pass away from heart disease every year, thus accounting for one in four deaths annual deaths in the country.
This is why preventive heart care is immensely crucial. Here at Cardiovascular Diagnostic Center, APMC, in West Monroe, LA, we offer heart disease prevention services under the care of our cardiologist, Dr. Virginia Gonzalez—read on to learn more.
What is Heart Disease?
Heart disease is actually an umbrella term that refers to a variety of conditions that impact the heart. The most common heart diseases include:
- CAD (coronary artery disease), PAD (peripheral artery disease), and other diseases affecting the blood vessels
- Congenital heart diseases (heart defects from birth)
- Arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats)
- Cardiomyopathy (enlarging or thickening of the heart)
What are Heart Disease Risk Factors?
Certain lifestyle habits or coexisting health conditions could increase your risk of developing heart disease. You can change or control some of them, but others are out of your hands. These risk factors include the following:
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Being obese or overweight
- Smoking tobacco
- Prediabetes or diabetes
- Physical inactivity
- A history of heart disease in the family
- An unhealthy diet
- Age; being older than 45 years old
- Preeclampsia during pregnancy
During a consultation at our West Monroe office, your cardiologist will determine your heart disease risk factors so that you can take the necessary steps to control or change them.
What Causes Heart Disease?
There’s no one cause of heart disease, although there are many contributing factors. However, these factors will differ depending on what kind of heart disease you have. Plaque and cholesterol buildup in the arteries, for instance, causes PAD and CAD. Conversely, irregular heartbeat, or arrhythmia, is usually caused by various factors, including:
- Congenital heart defects
- High blood pressure
- Excessive alcohol or caffeine consumption
- Drug abuse
- Certain OTC medications, herbal supplements, dietary supplements, and prescription drugs
What’s The Treatment for Heart Disease?
Treatment will significantly depend on what exact heart disease you have. For instance, CAD can be treated with medication and keeping your blood pressure under control. Surgery may also be required for opening or unclogging arteries to improve blood flow to your heart. You will also need to follow a heart-healthy diet and exercise plan, quit smoking, limit your alcohol intake, and find effective ways to manage your stress levels.
Take Charge of Your Heart Health Now
Contact Cardiovascular Diagnostic Center, APMC, in West Monroe, LA, now. Book your appointment with your cardiologist, Dr. Virginia Gonzalez, by dialing (318) 338-3540.